Urology plays an important role in the diagnosis and medical treatment of diseases in the urinary tract of both sexes and in the male genital tract. Kidney calculus, urinary incontinence, urinary infection, prostate cancer, prostate hemorrhage, and erectile dysfunction are some of the pathologies that should be evaluated by an urologist.
The most common motive for a urology appointment is urinary infection. This infection is a colonization of the urinary tract (urethra, bladder, ureter or kidneys) by micro-organisms. It can be caused by viruses or fungi, but in the vast majority of cases it is caused by bacteria, especially Gramnegative. Although urine contains a variety of fluids, salts and products that the metabolism excretes, it generally does not have bacteria. When bacteria enter the urinary bladder or kidneys and multiply in the urine, these cause a urinary tract infection. The most common symptoms are pain when urinating, abnormal need to urinate and pruritus.

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